One of the most important scientific experiments in history was conducted in The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), giant particle accelerator, where Higgs Boson. Primordial energy appeared as a small concept known as god of particles, Which scientists theorized in 1964 and took nearly 50 years to conceive.
The particle of God was only “envisioned” 10 years ago
In the past decade, this phenomenon has changed drastically, and Victoria Martin, professor of particle physics at the University of Edinburgh, UK, says, “For physicists, this has been the missing part of the ‘Standard Model’.”
That was the priority for the Large Collider mission, which launched in 2010 and captured the particle by ATLAS (Toroid LHC) and CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid) two years after they began operations (2012), a period considered fast for the researchers.
Director general CERNFabiola Gianotti, explained the progress during a press conference on the last day of June.
“We didn’t expect to see the Higgs boson so quickly. It was the LHC’s supercomputing infrastructure applied to experiments that performed better than its design specifications—a testament to the many years of hard work devoted to building the LHC—that accelerated the discovery of the Higgs boson. .”
Forge a new path in the world of physics
According to a report on the site outer spaceHey Higgs Boson It was a milestone in the history of science. The significance of their discovery bears the strength of an energy field known as the Higgs field, in the same way that a photon carries the strength of an electromagnetic field.
“Particle physics has changed more in the past 10 years than it has in the past 30,” Gian Giudice, Head of Theoretical Physics at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) said at the event.
Although it is not easy to understand, let alone master, the importance of studies on the particle brings a whole variety of possible applications for the future of man, as well as explanations about the origin of space. The particle is considered the “most primitive” form of energy.
Its composition can slow down some particles more than others, and some can even move at the speed of light.
Scientists believe that Higgs Boson It also obtains its mass by interacting with itself (which is unusual in our known nature).
The measurements reveal a high mass of 125 billion electron volts, 125 times greater than the positively charged protons in the nucleus of an atom.
Every known particle has a quantum spin (where an electron spins), but the Higgs boson does not.
This difference has been analyzed and the researchers are trying to measure the rotation of the Higgs Boson to test the Standard Model, which they have not been able to do so far.
The “disorganization” of this particle is due to the nature of the Higgs field, chaos as it is intended to be “primitive”.
Other known fields, such as electromagnetic and gravitational fields, have obvious sources, such as the mass of an object or electric current flowing through magnetic fields, and the Higgs field has no definite source.
What is the age of Higgs Boson?
Researchers have been searching for this answer, but the particle’s existence is ephemeral, lasting for a short time before it decays into more subatomic particles.
The discovery of the Higgs boson raised questions about basic physics, and the composition of matter in Universe How are the particles related to each other?
“Everything we’ve seen so far appears to be exactly what the Standard Model predicted. While that’s interesting, it’s a little disappointing because we were hoping the Higgs boson would help us see beyond the Standard Model.”
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