Although it is down two places, Portugal is still in the top five among the most peaceful countries in the world, a rating The World Cup is led by Iceland, which has been in the lead since 2008. At the top of the list are New Zealand, which has moved up one place, Denmark, which has moved up twice, and Portugal, who has moved up five places, and Slovenia, which has jumped five places since its latest release. If we exclude countries outside the European Union, Portugal is the second safest country in the bloc.
This is the 15th edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI), which ranks 163 countries and territories according to their level of peace. Published by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), the GPI is the world’s leading measurement tool for levels of global peace.
While the rest of the top ten is mostly made up of European countries – Austria, Switzerland, Ireland, the Czech Republic and Canada – the bottom of the list is mostly made up of Middle Eastern countries. For the fourth year in a row, Afghanistan appears last in the ratingThat is, it is ranked 163, while it is preceded by Yemen, Syria, South Sudan, North Africa and Iraq.
Given the major economic forces, these are scattered across the list. Japan appeared in 12th place and Germany in 17th place (one place). Leading the way is Italy at 32 (down three places), the United Kingdom at 33 (jumping six places) and France at 55. China has fallen six places to 100th place, ahead of the United States, which is ranked 122nd.
As for the PALOP countries assessed by the IEP, Angola ranked 80th, having moved up seven places compared to the previous cycle, while Guinea-Bissau moved up three places to 99th. Mozambique emerged at 103rd and Brazil maintains the same assessment as last year: Rank 128.
Overall, this year’s results show that the average global peace level fell by 0.07&, making this the ninth largest devaluation in the past 13 years, with 87 countries improving and 73 getting worse.
However, the change in degree is the second smallest change in the index’s history. GPI 2021 reveals a world in which the conflicts and crises that have emerged over the past decade are beginning to subside, to be replaced by a new wave of tension and uncertainty due to the Covid-19 pandemic that has generated increasing tensions among many. of the major economic powers.
Only three of the world’s nine regions have become more peaceful since last year. The most significant improvement occurred in the Middle East and North Africa, followed by Europe and South Asia.
In Europe, the improvement of peace has been driven by improvements in internal security, including improvements in the impact of terrorism, violent demonstrations, and violent crime. However, political instability and military spending worsened.