the disease monkeypox Because of the monkeypox virus, which is spreading in many countries. data World Health Organization (WHO) reports that as of May 20, 80 cases of this smallpox (monkeypox) have already been reported by 11 countries, including Portugal, where Directorate General of Health It reported that 23 cases have been confirmed.
Monkeypox is a zoonotic viral disease, which means it can be transmitted from animals to humans, but also between humans.
The monkeypox virus is endemic to some animal populations in many countries, and in some cases causes occasional outbreaks of disease among locals and travelers. However, WHO notes that the recent reported outbreaks are atypical, as they occur in non-endemic countries.
Symptoms and treatment
Symptoms of monkeypox usually include fever, severe headache, muscle aches, back pain, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, and rashes or lesions. The rash usually begins within one to three days after the fever starts. Lesions may be flat or slightly raised, filled with a clear or yellowish liquid, and may crust, dry, and ooze. The number of injuries can range from a few to several thousand. The rash appears most often on the face, palms, and palms of the feet, but it can also appear in the mouth, genitals, and eyes.
Symptoms usually last two to four weeks and go away without treatment. But the World Health Organization says it’s important to take care of the rash by letting it dry if possible, or covering it with a moist bandage to protect the area if necessary. Avoid touching the sores in the mouth or eyes. Mouthwash and eye drops can be used as long as they do not contain cortisone. An immunoglobulin vaccine may be recommended in severe cases. Tecovirimat, an antiviral, was approved to treat smallpox in January 2022.
Risks of getting monkeypox
But the World Health Organization advises that if a person experiences symptoms like those described, they should seek medical advice, and remember that monkeypox spreads differently from COVID-19. People who interact closely with someone who has monkeypox are at risk of infection, as do health care workers, family members, and sexual partners.
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