A study published in the British scientific journal The Lancet reports that one in two patients hospitalized with covid-19 develops some additional health complications. According to the publication, the most common ordeals verified in the research are those of a complex renal, respiratory and systemic nature, although cardiovascular, neurological, gastrointestinal and hepatic events have also been reported.
According to The Lancet, this is the most comprehensive study of its kind and included more than 70,000 British adults who had been hospitalized with the acute phase of the disease. Of these, half (36,367 of 73,197) developed one or more health complications during hospitalization.
Funded by the National Institute for Health Research and the UK Medical Research Council, the study was conducted by researchers affiliated with the universities of Edinburgh, Liverpool, Sheffield, Glasgow, Oxford and Nottingham. Public Health England, the Department of Health and Welfare, and Imperial College London.
The survey found high rates of complications in all age groups. He also noted that men and people over 60 years of age are more affected, although poor functional factors and outcomes were also commonly found in younger, previously healthy adults.
The authors note that complication rates after COVID-19 are high, and these adversities often affect people’s ability to care for themselves. They warn that this could put a significant strain on health and social care for years to come,” says The Lancet.
Scientists warn that this complication is likely to have important implications, both in the short and long term, on patients, the health system, and society. They also indicated that these consequences differ from the symptoms that appear in people infected with the virus who have not been hospitalized.
Complications in hospitalized patients are high even in young, previously healthy individuals – with 27% of cases between 19 and 29 years of age, and 37% between 30 and 39 years of age experiencing some of these events. On the other hand, acute manifestations are associated with reduced self-care capacity at discharge – with 13% of cases aged 19-29 years, and 17% 30-39 years unable to take care of themselves after hospital discharge.
The study looked at cases between January 17 and August 4, 2020, before vaccines were widely available and new variants of Sars-Cov-2 were identified. The authors note, however, that the findings are still relevant to dispel the notion that covid-19 is not at risk for healthy young adults, while many of them remain unvaccinated.
This work contradicts current accounts that COVID-19 is only dangerous for people with comorbidities and the elderly. Dispelling and contributing to the scientific debate around such narratives is becoming increasingly important.” According to him, the findings reinforce the importance of a primary care strategy, i.e. vaccination.
Photo: Márcia Foletto / Agência O Globo