The rainy season in the North region, which runs from October to April, raises the alarm bell for the control and prevention of arthropod-borne viruses, such as dengue fever. According to the latest bulletin issued by the State Health Surveillance Agency of Rondonia (Ajeviza), on December 10, 2022, the state had 11,457 confirmed cases of the disease. The data is 602% higher than in the same period in the previous year.
This increase in the number of infected people is already noticeable in health care units such as the Bom Pasteur Hospital, in Guajara Mirim, which in December treated eighteen cases of the disease, more than double the previous month, when there were only seven cases.
The document also puts 13 municipalities in different regions at risk of the disease, and another 21, including Guajará-Mirim, on alert. The calculation, based on the LIRAa (rapid scanning of Aedes aegypti indices) methodology, allows to know the quantity of characteristics, by sampling, with containers with mosquito larvae, which are vectors of dengue and other diseases such as chikungunya, zika virus fever and yellow fever.
Dengue fever is an acute febrile disease caused by viruses that are transmitted by mosquito bites. Aedes aegypti, which reproduce using stagnant water. In order for a mosquito to breed, females need a warm and humid environment, “The climate is characteristic of Rondonia during this period, so it is necessary to be careful and get rid of any breeding grounds for mosquitoes,” notes Juan Carlos Boado, Technical Director of the Good Shepherd Hospital.
The unit belongs to Pró-Saúde, is a reference in obstetrics, paediatrics, gynecology, medical and surgical clinics, and also has a structure specifically aimed at helping indigenous people, providing free care through the Unified Health System (SUS), through contract with public entities.
Pay attention to warning signs • High fever with sudden onset (39° to 40°). agitation Pain behind the eyes. division headache; Loss of taste and appetite. Extreme fatigue. Constant nausea and vomiting. Pain in the bones and joints. Abdominal pain: There are four types of dengue and three classifications of its development. The progression of the disease is benign in its classical form, and severe when hemorrhagic and shock conditions are present. In cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever, the progression of the condition is rapid. “Usually, after a fever, there are warning signs such as bleeding, red spots on the skin, persistent vomiting, bleeding (through the nose, mouth, and gums) and difficulty breathing,” explains the doctor.
The main way to prevent these diseases is to fight Aedes aegypti. To do this, avoid accumulating water in things like bowls, plant dishes, tires, bottles, gutters, water tanks, and cisterns.
The bottle cap is enough for mosquitoes to breed. For this reason, it is important to inspect the home and outdoor areas weekly to remove any objects where water could accumulate,” Juan confirms.
According to the expert, it is also important to take care of the family, “such as using curtains, clothes that cover most of the body, and using screens on windows and doors,” adds the director.
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